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福島~真実のための戦い (後編)

引き続き、The Centre for Research on Globalisation (CRG)の記事です。


Fukushima and the Battle for Truth

by Paul Zimmerman
Global Research, September 27, 2011


It is urgent that this initiative commence immediately. Data must be captured while it is remains untainted. Of particular importance is the securing of pre-accident health statistics for the population of Japan. Rates for various pregnancy outcomes; the frequency of different types of birth defects; the incidence of thyroid diseases, heart diseases, cancers and so forth, all must be cataloged. There is good reason why this baseline data need be preserved. The history of radiation accidents is littered with examples of the outright falsification of data that has prevented an honest evaluation of the effects of low levels of internal contamination on human health.

For instance, evidence exists that morbidity and mortality data published by the U.S. Government’s Public Health Service was altered in the wake of radiation releases from nuclear weapon production facilities and commercial nuclear power plants so as to hide cancer deaths in the population. The accident at Three Mile Island, persistently painted by government and industry spokesmen as a benign event, in fact produced illness and death among humans and farm animals downwind.

After the accident at Chernobyl, hundreds of thousands of so-called “liquidators” participated in cleanup operations in close proximity to the destroyed reactor and also built a concrete sarcophagus around the reactor building to entomb the radiation. According to the European Committee on Radiation Risk (ECRR), in subsequent years this population was reported as having a lower rate of leukemia than the general population. Only later did it come to light that Soviet doctors were forbidden from recording leukemia in their diagnoses. The Wales Cancer Registry was cited by the ECRR as excising cases of cancer from its database so as to prevent the Sellafield nuclear fuel reprocessing facility in the U.K. from being blamed for causing illness to the population. Also mentioned by ECRR was the alteration of infant mortality figures in Germany after Chernobyl so as to mask the impact of the accident on public health.

Mischief has not been confined to falsifying health records. In 1957, a fire broke out in the graphite reactor at Windscale, England on the site now occupied by the Sellafield facility. The amount of radiation released and the incidence of cancer induced in the population of Ireland has remained fiercely contentious issues. According to the ECRR, at some point after the fire, meteorological records were altered “with the apparent motive of concealing the likely location of any effects”. Similarly, the Monju prototype fast-breeder reactor in Tsuruga, Japan suffered a devastating fire in 1995. Prefecture and city officials found that the operator had tampered with video images of the fire to hide the scale of the disaster.

If an accurate documentation of the health consequences of Fukushima is to succeed, one condition is paramount: the project MUST retain its independence from the international agencies that currently dominate the discussion of radiation effects. The tacit mandate of these organizations is to support nuclear weapons programs and the nuclear industry, and they do so by publishing fraudulent scientific studies that downplay the hazards to health of radioactive material released into the environment.

For example, the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) and other UN organizations jointly published Chernobyl’s Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-economic Impacts.

This study is routinely cited as proof that Chernobyl had little impact on public health. It concluded that only twenty-eight first responders died from acute radiation syndrome and 4,000 children developed thyroid cancer, fifteen of whom died by 2002. In addition, it estimated that an additional 4,000 fatal cancers might arise in the overall population. This sanitized version of the catastrophe was reached by the devious method of consulting only 350 sources of information, mostly published in English, while ignoring 30,000 publications and 170,000 sources of information available in languages other than English [8]. A summary of this large body of literature, published as Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and Nature, concluded that radiation-induced casualties approached 980,000.

To offer a second example, a number of prestigious institutions have published disinformation on the hazards to health of depleted uranium weapons. These include WHO, IAEA, the European Commission, the Royal Society in the U.K., the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in the U.S., the Rand Corporation, and the Health Physics Society.

All concluded that weaponized uranium creates no adverse health effects when internalized by soldiers on the battlefield and downwind populations. Justification for this conclusion came from a survey of the scientific literature regarding uranium contamination among workers in the uranium and nuclear industries and populations exposed to elevated levels of uranium in their drinking water. Historically, the only two types of adverse health effects documented among these populations is altered kidney function due to uranium’s chemical toxicity and cancer due to uranium’s radioactivity.

Photo from Dallas Observer

But studies of veterans suffering from Gulf War Syndrome reveals no evidence of kidney disease. And according to models promulgated by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), the radiation dose from battlefield uranium is too low to initiate cancer. The conclusion? Case closed! DU cannot be a factor in the severe suffering of veterans or the increased incidence of cancer and birth defects in Fallujah and other areas of Iraq.


As convincing as the logic of these studies attempt to be, they all suffer from fatal flaws. They all fail to acknowledge that combustion-derived micro- and nano-sized particles of uranium have unique biokinetics when internalized that are not comparable to historical types of uranium exposure, and they quit cleverly fail to take into account the most up-to-date research on the toxicology of uranium.

New research conducted since the first Gulf War has demonstrated that uranium is genotoxic (capable of damaging DNA), cytotoxic (poisonous to cells), mutagenic (capable of inducing mutations), teratogenic (capable of interfering with normal embryonic development) and neurotoxic (capable of harming nerve tissue). This research has yet to dislodge the stale mantra that uranium is only capable of causing kidney disease and cancer.

Mischief also infects the radiation protection community. The Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima conducts ongoing medical research on the health of the survivors of the atomic bombings at the end of WWII. The Life Span Study is the single most important piece of evidence used by the ICRP for setting worldwide guidelines for radiation safety. That radiation safety for all types of exposure and all manner of radiation-induced illnesses relies so heavily on this research is incredibly disturbing because the Life Span Study is deeply and irreparably flawed. Initiated five years after the bombings, after tens of thousands of victims succumbed to unidentified levels of radiation exposure, results are hopelessly skewed in favor of finding radiation less hazardous than it in fact is. Further, the study can provide no meaningful information on the birth outcomes to fetuses exposed in utero.

More problematic is the fact that both the study and the control groups were internally contaminated by the black rain that showered down upon the destroyed cities after the blasts. This unacknowledged contamination of the control group hopelessly compromises any meaningful conclusions of the rates of radiation-induced illnesses in the study group. The Life Span Study is plagued by numerous other flaws that raise serious questions as to why it has become the centerpiece of radiation standards.

The Japanese have been victimized by nuclear horror more than any other people on Earth. Today they are immersed in an imperceptible tragedy that will slowly but inevitably bring disease and heartbreak to millions. In response to this crime, a rare and courageous opportunity exists. By undertaking a national campaign to honestly document the disaster that is engulfing them, they can lead all of humanity to break through the quagmire of deception and deceit that has allowed nuclear weapons and reactors to flourish. Truth finally has an opportunity to triumph over falsehood. In some small but significant way, this would be fitting repayment for the malevolence of Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Fukushima.

















福島~真実のための戦い (前編)

カナダ、モントリオールが拠点の、人道支援、教養を広めるための福祉活動などを目的に、2001年9.11が起こる2日前の9月9日に設立された、独立したリサーチ、メディアNPO、The Centre for Research on Globalisation (CRG)の記事です。


Fukushima and the Battle for Truth

Large sectors of the Japanese population are accumulating significant levels of internal contamination

by Paul Zimmerman
Global Research, September 27, 2011


Fukushima’s nuclear disaster is a nightmare. Ghostly releases of radioactivity haunt the Japanese countryside. Lives, once safe, are now beset by an ineffable scourge promising vile illness and death.

Large sectors of the population are accumulating significant levels of internal contamination, setting the stage for a public health tragedy.

A subtle increase in the number of miscarriages and fetal deaths will be the first manifestation that something is amiss. An elevated incidence of birth defects will begin in the Fall and continue into the indefinite future. Thyroid diseases, cardiac diseases and elevated rates of infant and childhood leukemia will follow. Over the next decade and beyond, cancer rates will soar.

Chernobyl was the harbinger of this heartbreaking scenario. It taught mankind the inescapable biological truths that emerge within populations internally contaminated by heightened levels of fission products. And yet, government and industry schemers attack these truths as unfounded scare-mongering. With cold indifference, they deny that Chernobyl was a mass casualty event. They turn a blind eye to a huge body of research and deviously proclaim that no evidence exists that more than a handful of people suffered harm from the Ukrainian disaster. They publish propaganda, draped in the guise of science, that dismisses the hazard of low levels of internal contamination. Believing their subterfuge to have been successful and intoxicated by their hubris, they are already positioning themselves to stage-manage the public’s perception of Fukushima.

Japan’s government, its Nuclear Safety Commission, and the Tokyo Electric Power Company have already demonstrated that they will do everything in their power to keep citizens ignorant of what is taking place. The emerging health crisis is scheduled to be erased. Following a time-tested blueprint worked out by prior radiation releases around the world, data relevant to assessing the medical impact of the accident will not be gathered.

Radiation doses to the population will be woefully underestimated. The hazards associated with low levels of internal contamination will be obliterated from all discussions of risk. Academic journals that support the nuclear agenda will be flooded with bogus studies demonstrating that no health detriment was suffered by the population. The heightened incidence of childhood leukemia will be attributed to some as yet unidentified virus unleashed by population mixing following the evacuations caused by the tsunami. (This theory is currently in vogue to deny that the heightened incidence of leukemia among children under five years of age living nearby to nuclear reactors is radiation induced.) The birth defects will be summarily dismissed as impossible because the risk models upheld by the International Commission on Radiological Protection don’t predict them. The possibility that the models are fraudulently constructed escapes consideration. (See a Betrayal of Mankind by the Radiation Protection Agencies, available as a free download at http://www.du-deceptions.com/excerpts.html.)

How is TRUTH to gain ascendancy when blocked by this institutionalized matrix of deceit? What agency can possibly take the lead to accurately document the full scope of the disaster, identify its victims and those at risk, and publish trustworthy public health information? Who is going to take responsibility to protect the children?

To wait for the government to come to the rescue is naive. The history of radiation accidents testifies that governments routinely betray their citizens in deference to their nuclear weapons program and the nuclear industry. No, only one alternative is open to the people of Japan. They must become proactive. They must seize the initiative and wrest control from government and industry of the “perception” of the catastrophe.

The accident at Fukushima demands that a peoples’ campaign be initiated to produce an honest assessment of the current situation, catalog the medical consequences as they emerge, and offer accurate advice as to how citizens can protect themselves. Using the internet as a platform, scientists from all relevant disciplines must band together with interested laypeople with something valid to contribute to create a widely distributed open source research project. The evolving online encyclopedia will archive all pertinent data and preserve it from future tampering.

The accident from its inception must be documented. With published reports frequently in conflict with one another, all available information, whether from government sources, citizen investigators or eyewitnesses, must be gathered for future evaluation. Worldwide meteorological data since March 11 must be assembled. All official and unofficial measurements of radiation in the environment, both in Japan and worldwide, must be collected and collated. This is essential information required for future epidemiological studies.

Contaminated agricultural areas must be identified. Samples of all edible material for human and animal consumption must be evaluated for safety. As suspected radiation-induced illness begins to appear in the population, healthcare providers and victims must make public their experiences. Initially, this information will be anecdotal but nonetheless invaluable. It will identify emerging trends of morbidity and mortality and define population subgroups requiring more systematic scientific investigation.

Researchers working alone or in groups must seize the initiative to pursue study in their fields of expertise and interest. (One excellent suggestion by Gordon Edwards of the Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility is the widespread collection of babies’ teeth to provide objective data on the geographic dispersion and uptake of strontium-90 [1].) Methodologies, data and results need be posted online as they become available. Free access to the whole body of work must be guaranteed so as to allow scrutiny by people from all over the world. Transparency must be paramount.
調査者は、個人であろうが、団体であろうが、その専門分野と関心のある分野での研究に従事する主導権を握らなければなりません。(カナダ核責任連合のGordon Edwards氏からのすばらしい提案のひとつは、赤ん坊の歯を広く集め、地理的な分布とストロンチウム90の吸収の客観的データを提供する、ということです。)方法論、データと結果は、オンラインで公開される必要があります。世界中の人々によりセキュリティーが許されるように、研究の全容へのアクセスが確保されなければなりません。情報公開が最重要なのです。

An open dialogue will allow divergent points of view to be fairly represented. Disagreements over research protocols or the interpretation of results will point the way to new avenues of investigation where clarification and consensus might be achieved. Objective investigation via the scientific method will be the final arbitrator of truth. The ultimate goal of this effort will be to produce an unbiased determination of the public health consequences of radiation released into the environment, assess the accuracy of current standards of radiation safety and identify how improvements can be made for the common welfare of humanity.








チェルノブイリから福島~日本へのメッセージ 2


Metro visits Chornobyl's radiation zone


A short bus ride past the Chornobyl security checkpoint, where guards prevent entrance into the 30-kilometre ‘exclusion zone,’ our group gathers to hear rules for the contaminated area.
チェルノブイリの30km立ち入り禁止地区へ進入を取り締まっている警備チェック地点を過ぎ、バスで少し行くと、 私たち一団は汚染地区のルールを聞くために集まっていました。

The list is brief — do not touch anything, wear long sleeves and closed-toe shoes, and, sternly: “Remember, you are not tourists here,” Misha, our guide, says.

After the recent Fukushima disaster in Japan, the International Atomic Energy Agency announced this week a projected slowdown on the growth of nuclear power. Chornobyl, as well, to this day is evidence of what happens when things go wrong.
最近日本で起きた福島の災害の後、IAEAは今週、原子力の成長が遅れるであろうという予測を発表しました。 チェルノブイリも、今までに物事が間違った方向に行ってしまったときに、何が起こるのかを示す証拠です。

It’s been 25 years since the world’s largest nuclear disaster occurred, but Chornobyl, along with the populated areas that surround it, are still plagued by long-term health, environmental and — perhaps most crippling for those who live there — financial consequences.

Dzvinka Kachur, a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) information officer, argues many problems are caused by a stigma of Chornobyl-affected zones. Trips like those to the exclusion zone can help dispel myths about radioactive fallout — for instance, visitors will not see ‘mutants’ running amok in a barren region, she says.
国際連合開発計画(UNDP)の情報職員であるDzyinka Kachurさんは、問題は、チェルノブイリで影響を受けた地区の汚名が原因なのだと主張します。立ち入り禁止地区へ行く事は、放射能物質の副産物についての神話を拭い去る助けになります。-たとえば、訪問者が、この不毛の地で奇形の生き物が暴れ狂うのを目にすることはないでしょう。

For a forbidden zone, the level of activity in Chornobyl is surprisingly high. About 3,500 people work in the plant, to keep safety mechanisms operating. Another 3,000 work as maintenance, security and decontamination staff outside of it — although they only work two weeks a month, due to high radiation levels.

Standing in front of Reactor #4, which is enclosed in an aging, rusted, tomb called the “sarcophagus,” our beeping, hand-held dosimeter shows external radiation levels to be about 30 times higher than that in capital Kyiv.

jmWORLDcherobyl_wideweb__470x342,0 Reuters
Photo from Reuters

“But this isn’t the most radioactive place we will see,” the guide says with a sardonic grin. “I will show you where it’s much higher.”

This spot turns out to be a patch of moss behind the cultural centre in the abandoned town of Prypiat. The town used to be home to about 50,000 people who evacuated in about three hours the day after the accident.

To avoid panic, residents were told they would be returning to their homes, so they packed light. Their belongings were left to decay, be destroyed in the de-contamination process, or were stolen by looters.

Some personal items are still strewn amidst the rubble — Soviet posters; children’s books; an old tennis shoe in the Cultural Centre’s gymnasium. The town has the air of a war zone with scattered, decrepit buildings protruding amidst overgrown foliage.

Before the trip, we were warned about deer and wolves running around. Some scientists argue nature has persevered and Chornobyl has been turned into a mecca for animals with no humans as a threat. But aside from giant, two-metre catfish swimming in the nuclear plant’s cooling pond, only mosquitoes buzz around the town.

“No one ever sees the wild animals there,” says Timothy Mousseau, a Canadian scientist who has been researching health and ecology in Chornobyl for more than 10 years. “It’s a myth.”
「ここで野生動物を見たという人はいません。」と、この10年以上、チェルノブイリで健康と生態を調査しているカナダ人の科学者、Timothy Mousseauは言います。「これは神秘です。」

Subsidies little more than small potatoes

Currently, the government is legally bound to deliver hundreds of subsidies to those living in affected regions. In theory, these encompass a wide range of benefits — from bonuses on salaries for people who do find work, to free breakfast meals for elementary school kids.

But not all subsidies are paid out by the state. A typical resident receives the equivalent of less than 50 cents per month as their bonus for living in contaminated areas, says Mykola Vasylenko, head of economic development in Ivankiv, a town about 50 km from Chornobyl.
しかし、全ての補助金が、国から支払われるわけではありません。典型的な住民は、汚染地区に住んでいることに対してのボーナスとして、月に50セント以下しか受け取っていません、と チェルノブイリから約50kmにある町、Ivankivの経済開発部長のMykola vasylenkoさんは話します。

However, if all of the promised subsidies were paid out in full, it would amount to one fifth of Ukraine’s entire state budget, says Dmytro Petrushenko, head of the Bordianka District State administration. “We need a radical change — an elimination of all subsidies,” he says.
しかしながら、もし、約束された補助金が全額払われるとすると、それはウクライナの国の総予算の5分の1の額になります、とBordianka地区管理局長のDmytro Petrushenkoさんは言います。「私たちには、急進的な変化が必要です。-全ての補助金の廃止です。」

Such complex circumstances leave local and international development programs at an unenviable position of tackling radiation-related problems on one hand, and social and psychological problems on the other.

Out-of-work youth

On a hot August morning, a handful of clients are at a Luhyny unemployment centre for a workshop aimed at helping people under 30 to get jobs. “A well-qualified construction worker is much more valuable than an under-qualified engineer,” Olga Omelychuk, the orientation specialist tells them.
暑い8月のある日、Luhyny失業センターには、多くの人たちが、30歳以下の人の仕事探しの手助けするための講習会に来ていました。「資格を取る前の技術者よりも、資格の充分な建設作業員の方が重宝するのです。」と、オリエンテーションのスペシャリスト、Olga Omelychukさんは参加者に話しました。

In the town of about 4,000 people, about 550 are registered as unemployed. Brochures at the centre promote jobs such as electricians and tractor drivers.

A blonde woman says she is trained as a dentist but wants to find work as a cook. For residents like her, leaving for a larger city is difficult. If they can’t immediately find work, the cost of living becomes too high and they’re forced back to Luhyny.

‘We didn’t want to live in Siberia’

After the initial incident, Maria Bovsunivska and her two children were given the choice to move from their small town, a few hours from the capital, Kyiv. They chose to stay.
最初の事故のあと、Maria Bovsunivskaと彼女の2人の子供たちは、彼らの、首都キエフから数時間離れた小さな町から移るという選択肢を与えられました。彼らは、留まることを選びました。

Her 25-year-old daughter, Tatjana, said they didn’t like what was being offered. “We didn’t want to live in Siberia,” she said briskly while her mom gently nodded her head in agreement.

Some of their neighbours were relocated to small apartments that they had to share with other families. To Maria’s family, that was evidence they made the right choice by staying put.

The dangers of a 100-kilometre diet

Mousseau is conducting a study on children in Chornobyl-affected areas, examining the long-term effects of radiation exposure. “There are very measurable impacts on the children there,” he tells Metro, of Norodichesky, a region adjacent to Chornobyl. “Many of the children have significant (radiation) doses as a result of what they’re eating,” he says.

Mousseau grew up in Ottawa, and studied in Toronto and Montreal. Currently, he is a professor of biological sciences at the University of South Carolina. His research so far has found that children in the area have reduced pulmonary function, and concludes that some will have “significant respiratory problems as they age.” His team has also found abnormal growth defects, he adds.

“Clearly, there’s a need for monitoring and public health studies,” he says.

Mousseau’s study is on children who live near the immediate vicinity of the exclusion zone. But even those living in affected zones hundreds of kilometres away are experiencing health issues — some suspect these are related to contaminated soils, other argue they are lifestyle-related problems.

In Zaliznytsia, a village in Ukraine’s northwest Volyn region, a local gym teacher says about half of the elementary students are exempt from cardio-intensive gym classes because of health problems.

In Luhyny, a small village about 100 km from the exclusion zone, Dr. Ivan Godlevski says the number of people treated for cancer at his hospital has increased 30 times since 1986.
立ち入り禁止地区から約100kmの小さな村、Luhynyで、Ivan Godlevski医師は、彼の小さな病院で癌の治療を受けた人の数は、1986以来、30倍になったと言います。

Photo from EzineMark.comA gas mask and a shoe have been pictured lying at a kindergarten in Prypiat, the abandoned city near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant since 198P
























チェルノブイリから福島~日本へのメッセージ 1


以下、The American Reporter, On Native Groundより。


by Randolph T. Holhut
Chief of AR Correspondents
Dummerston, Vermont

DUMMERSTON, Vt. -- As we nervously watch a nuclear catastrophe unfold at the Fukushima reactor complex in Japan, the memories of Chernobyl keep coming to mind.

On April 26, 1986, a fire and explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in Ukraine sent a plume of highly radioactive smoke fallout into the atmosphere. Four hundred times more radioactive material than had been released by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima showered upon the Ukraine and parts of Belarus and Russia. More than 336,000 people were resettled as their former homes turned into contaminated ghost towns.


I recently had the chance to meet three Russian women who stopped in Vermont as part of a national tour marking the 25th anniversary of Chernobyl.

Tatiana Muchamedyarova, a Russian anti-nuclear activist, was joined her colleagues Natalia Manzurova, who worked as a lead engineer in cleaning up the consequences of the 1986 meltdown at Chernobyl, and Dr. Nataliya Mironova, who founded the Movement for Nuclear Safety and was one of the first organizers to press for government openness on pre-Chernobyl nuclear catastrophes.
Tatiana Muchamedyarovaさんは、ロシアの反核活動家で、1986年のチェルノブイリでのメルトダウンが招いた汚染を取り除く技術者の統率者であった同僚のNatalia Manzurovaさんと、核安全運動を創設し、チェルノブイリの原子力大惨事をもたらす前に政府の情報公開を懇願した最初の主催者でもあったNataliya Mironovaさんが、加わりました。

Russia has 31 civil nuclear reactors that produce 16 percent of that nation's electricity, as well as 13 reactors that are being operated beyond their original projected 40-year life span.

"We still don't know what to do with the nuclear waste," said Muchamedyarova. "The first big nuclear accident in Russia, in the 1950s, was when a storage tank filled with contaminated material exploded. I don't know how or why we developed a technology that has no end."

250px-Ecodefense_Mayak_Exhibition_17_Kyshtym_Memorial wikipedia
Photo from Wikipedia 事故の歴史を記す

The accident she was referring to was at Mayak, located in the Ural mountains. In 1957, an massive explosion spread highly radioactive contaminants over 500,000 people. It was second only to the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in size and scope.

A combination of past nuclear accidents and the accumulation of wastes from more than six decades of nuclear activities at the site have made the area surrounding Mayak one of the most contaminated in the world, with significant concentrations of strontium, cesium and plutonium found within a 60-mile radius of the facility. It is estimated that there are about 500,000 cancer victims living within that zone.

Manzurova is the only survivor of her 14-member team of "liquidators," the people responsible for containing and cleaning up the contamination in Chernobyl. All the others have died of illnesses linked to the intense radiation exposure they received over the five years they worked, and she too is battling various health ailments.

More than 600,000 liquidators worked at Chernobyl, but the Russian government has never fully acknowledged how many have since died. Estimates vary, but according to Vyacheslav Grishin of the Chernobyl Union, the main organization of liquidators, 60,000 have since died and 165,000 disabled.
チェルノブイリでは、60万人以上のリクビダートルが働いていましたが、ロシア政府は今までにどのくらいの人が死んだのか、完全に把握していません。推定はいろいろです。リクビダートルの主要な組織であるチェルノブイリ労働組合のVyacheslav Grishinさんは、6万人が亡くなり、16万5千人が身体障害者となったと言います。

Likewise, while only 31 deaths were directly caused by the disaster, estimates for illnesses and deaths linked to exposure to Chernobyl's radioactive plume range from 4,000 by the World Health Organization to more than 200,000 by Greenpeace.

"The nuclear industry is stressing that not that many people died at Chernobyl, but they don't recognize the long-term effects and the traumas that have been passed down to the next generation," Manzurova said. "They don't see how the quality of life has changed for so many people."


Manzurova said for the thousands that were evacuated from the area around Chernobyl, never to return to their former homes, life is divided in two - time before the accident, and after. "Their previous lives have been wiped clean altogether," she said.

The level of denial by both governments and the nuclear industry of the extent of radioactive contamination after Chernobyl and other nuclear incidents around the world is by design, Manzurova said.

"If they recognize that they have been victims, [governments and the industry] would have to recognize what created the victims," she said. "If you talk to the nuclear industry, they are so sure they are on the right side and everything is okay."

Mironova, who was in Vermont last fall as part of a Russian delegation that examined the decommissioning process for U.S. nuclear plants, said that the Fukushima disaster has opened up a wide variety of unthinkable scenarios.

"You have a paralyzed government trying to deal with a natural disaster, a disaster that cuts across every sector of society," she said. "And then you have to deal with a nuclear disaster on top of that. It is like a wartime situation in Japan, and the world needs to understand that."

As bad as Chernobyl was, and as bad as Fukushima is becoming, there is the potential for an even bigger disaster in Russia. In addition to handling its own wastes, Russia is taking in spent radioactive material from Britain, France and Germany for reprocessing, turning it into a profit center for the Russian government.

Last fall, Mironova said that Russia is positioning itself to be "the superpower of energy." Russia already has substantial natural gas reserves and an equally substantial uranium mining industry, she said. Reprocessing the world's nuclear fuel fits into that strategy.

Mayak is still one of the biggest nuclear facilities in Russia, and reprocesses about 200 tons of spent fuel annually, according to Oleg Bodrov, a Russian engineer and physicist who is one of the founders and current chairman of the Green World Council, a St. Petersburg, Russia, environmental group.
マヤークは今でもロシアで最大の核施設の1つで、年間約200トンの使用済み燃料の再処理しています、とロシア、セントピーターズバーグの環境保護団体、グリーンワールドの評議会議長であるOleg Bodrovさんは言います。

An extraction process called PUREX (plutonium and uranium recovery by extraction) is used to separate those two elements from spent fuel. But the process, Bodrov said, creates 22,000 cubic meters of radioactive waste for every cubic meter of spent fuel.

Fissile-material-storage-facility Wikipedia
Photo from Wikipedia マヤーク核廃棄物保管場

Of the 13 Russian reactors that got authorization from Rosatom, as the Russian Federal Nuclear Agency is known, to extend their operation, Bodrov said 11 are of the same design as the Chernobyl reactor. An accident at these reactors, many of which are located in more populated areas, would have even worse environmental consequences than the Mayak or Chernobyl disasters.

But the nuclear industry in Russia, the United States and in every other country where there are reactors still believes there is nothing to worry about.

"The nuclear establishment is the same in every country," Mironova said. "It suppresses the truth."







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Author:Blue Dolphine
ボア君 20歳
ラビ君 17歳
エリー 8歳
(ラブラドール犬 ♀)



にほんブログ村 海外生活ブログ カナダ情報へ

にほんブログ村 環境ブログ 原発・放射能へ

にほんブログ村 犬ブログ ラブラドールへ




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